A Heat Wave is a time of extreme climate (hot weather), which might be joined by high humidity, particularly in maritime (oceanic) atmosphere nations.
Poorly ventilated or confined areas, or engaging in vigorous physical activity in hot weather increases the risk of dehydration and heat strokes.
Who can be the Victim?
A Heat Stroke can affect any person but the most likely to suffer from such weather might be the labors, sportsmen, kids, senior citizens, pregnant women and people with bearing medical conditions.
Signs & Symptoms of Heatstroke
To identify who might be suffering from the heat wave, a few of the signs are as:
• Hot, red and dry skin
• No sweating
• A dry and swollen tongue
• Rapid pulse
• A throbbing headache
• Dizziness & confusion
• Vomiting and nausea
• Eventual unconsciousness
Note: A Heat Stroke Victim must immediately be taken to the hospital.
Methods to Prevent Heatstroke
1. Make sure you dress yourself and your kids in “minimal, loose-fitting and lightweight clothing”
2. Drink plenty of fluids
3. Take regular showers more than once a day
4. Keep the environment as cool as possible – keep curtains were drawn and minimal light
5. Be extra careful while administering any medicines since they may have certain harmful side effects (including causing dehydration)
6. Never stay in a parked car or any confined space without proper ventilation
7. Replace fatty foods with low-fat alternatives
8. Keep out of the sun
9. Avoid using any heat radiating devices such as hair straighteners and hair dryers
10. Limit your physical exhaustion by limiting physical activity
11. Try to stay away from kitchens and laundry rooms
Emergency Measures for Heatstroke for the Victims
If someone has already got a heat stroke, you should follow these prevention measures while waiting for an ambulance.
1. Wet their skin with water or wrap it in wet cloth after removing as much clothing from their body as possible or give them an ice bath
2. Fan continuously
3. Do not give the person fluids to drink
4. Position an unconscious person on their side and clear their airway
5. Apply ice packs to the patient’s armpits, groin, neck, and back (These areas are rich with blood vessels and close to the skin so cooling them may reduce body temperature)
6. Monitor their body temperature and continue cooling efforts until the body temperature drops below 38C.