DAILY PRAYER TIMINGS
It is obligatory upon the Muslims to offer Salah (Prayer) five times during the day and the night within the selected timings fixed by Islamic laws.
The timing for these prayers has basically been decided according to the direction & position of the Sun and these timings vary according to the regions, cities, and countries.
These prayers are named as Fajar, Dhuhar, Asar, Maghrib, and Isha.
|1. Fajar||Dawn (morning) Prayer (before sunrise)||Fajar time starts with the beginning of Dawn and remain till the sunrise.|
|2. Dhuhr, Zhuhr||Noon Prayer||The time for this second prayer of the day starts when the sun declines towards the west from the middle of the sky.|
|3. Asar||Afternoon Prayer||Asar is the next prayers after Dhuhar, & the time begins when the length of the shadow is of a vertical rod.|
It ends about 10 minutes before sunset.
|4. Maghrib||Sunset Prayer||It starts immediately after sunset till the sight of the first star in the sky.|
|5. Isha||Evening (Night) Prayer||Isha time begins when the sky is completely dark at moderate latitudes and ends just before the Dawn Prayer.|
It is to be mentioned here that there are a few times in the day and the night that are prohibited to offer Nawafils (Optional Prayers).
- When the first sun ray appears.
- End of Fajar when the sun rises.
- When the sun passes the highest point.
- When the object’s shadow is equal to its length.
- When the sun has set.
- When the last light disappears.
Salah (prayer) is one of Islam’s Five Pillars and an essential guiding principle that all Muslims must adhere to. Muslims should strive never to skip a prayer (Namaz). But if one is missing due to circumstances outside their influence, they must make up the prayer as soon as possible. Or they must recite it in their subsequent daily Salah.
Why is Salah needed to be observed?
Daily prayer serves as reminders to be obedient to Allah (SWT), as well as ways to request mercy and guidance from Him. Prayer further strengthens our bonds with our brothers and sisters across the world as we partake in the sacraments that deepen our faith together.
When do the prayers take place?
The sun’s direction determines the time of prayer (Namaz) in the sky and your location on the globe. Prayer times are announced by a regular call to prayer known as Adhan in communities with a sizeable Muslim community. The appointed caller of prayer, identified as a Muezzin, makes an Adhan call from the nearest Mosque.
The Takbir is sung by the Muezzin. He proclaims Allahu Akbar (God is Great) and the Shahada (There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is His Messenger). The Kalimah, or call to prayer, is an integral aspect of the call to prayer. And it is the first of Islam’s Five Pillars. The Iqama is a further declaration informing Muslims. It is time to begin lining up in anticipation for the start of the prayer. In addition to offering the Kalimah, the Muezzin also declares the call to prayer so that Muslims in the region can keep track of their prayers.
Five Daily Prayer Times
Muslims are obliged to pray five times a day, each time depending on the sun’s direction. There are the following:
Fajr (dawn): The first prayer of the day is offered in memory of Allah (SWT) before sunrise at the actual beginning.
Dhuhr (midday): Depending on the time of year, a prayer to remember Allah and seek His guidance is said shortly before or afternoon. You will most likely have already finished the workday and will need to take a brief rest.
Afternoon (Asr): In the late afternoon, there is a prayer to dwell on our lives’ more profound meaning.
Maghrib (sunset): It is the fourth daily prayer. And it takes place shortly after the sun has set to recall Allah (SWT) before the day ends.
Isha (late at night): Before going to bed and sleeping, you must pray and express thanks for Allah’s presence, grace, guidance, and repentance in your final prayer of the day.
Most Muslims chose to pray optional prayers in addition to the mandatory prayers to increase their reward. Tahajjud is a night prayer usually prayed in the last third of the night. And Duha is a sunrise to midday prayer.
Keeping Track of Prayer Times
Prayer times must be respected and never done until the appointed hour, but it is appropriate to make up a skipped prayer. If you’re praying in a location of varying elevations, keep in mind that the height above sea level will shorten your prayer time by a few minutes. Someone who lives or works on the first floor of a high-rise building, for example, would pray at a different time than someone who lives or functions on the first floor.