Islam which is called a complete code of life has five basic pillars of which Pilgrimage is the fifth.
Every year Muslims throughout the globe pay an obligatory visit to the Holy place of Makkah called the “pilgrimage (Hajj)” in the last Islamic month Zil-Hajj.
The Muslims who are stable in regards to mental and physical health and wealth to bear the expenses have to perform the pilgrimage at least once in their lifetime.
There are many Rituals of performing pilgrimage among which “Ramy or Stoning” is the one. It is a Sunnah of Prophet Ibrahim (A.S) and performing of this act is to commemorate Him.
The history of this ritual comes from the time of Prophet Ibrahim (A.S) when Al-Mighty Allah asked Him to sacrifice His beloved son Prophet Ismael (A.S) to get the blessings.
While on the way of the devil (Satan) teased and tried to distract Him of His will but He didn’t listen to its evils and pelt it.
The devil appeared trice in His way, the first time it came to stop Him for doing sacrifice. The second time, it appeared to distract Bibi Maryum (R.A) to stop Her husband for the sacrifice. And the third time it appeared to distract Hazrat Ismael (A.S) to deny for being sacrificed but the three of the times Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S) didn’t give it any ear and pelt it with seven stones at it each time.
In Mina- the tent city in Makkah, there are three pillars made on those three spots where the devil stood in the way of Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S) and these pillars are called Jamarat collectively but individually they are named as:
- Jamarat al-Aqaba or Jamarat al-Kubra (the big pillar).
- Jamarat al-Wusta (the medium or middle pillar).
- Jamarat al-Ula or al-Sugra (the small pillar).
The first two Jamarat are set at a distance of about 150 meters and the second two at a distance of about 120 meters.
The pilgrims collect 70 stones a night before the performance of this ritual “Ramy” in Muzdalifah and on the 10th of Zil-Hajj they participate in this stoning ritual in Mina.
This ritual continues for three days i.e. 10th, 11th, & 12th of Zil-Hajj and they are supposed to leave Makkah before the sunset of the third day.
This activity where there is a religious act at the same time it also plays a role to control one’s unwanted low desires and wishes.