Philosophy of Fasting

The Philosophy of Fasting

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In every religion of the world, some acts of worship have been proposed to purify oneself from worldly densities. Islam has also proposed a system of worship for its followers. Through which Muslims can get rid of the contamination of the soul and attain nearness to God. In this system of worship, fasting is the most important thing after prayers. In the Qur’an, the word fasting and fasting is used for fasting. The literal meaning of fasting is to stop.

In Islamic terms, “fasting for the purpose of worship of a Muslim from dawn to dusk, deliberately eating, drinking and abstaining from sexual intercourse” is called fasting. The month of Ramadan is obligatory for Muslims to fast. O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become righteous.

A look at the history of the United Nations reveals that the concept of fasting has existed in ancient religions as well. The importance of fasting can be gauged from the Torah, the Psalms, the Gospels as well as the books of Hinduism, Buddhism, Greece and Persia. Is. It is mentioned in chapter 8 of the Bible, Zechariah. Thus saith the LORD of hosts, The fast of the fourth, and of the fifth, and of the seventh, and of the tenth month, shall be a day of joy and gladness to the children of Judah, and a feast of gladness.

The importance of fasting in Hinduism is evident from the fact that Hindu yogis still go to the mountains and forests to have fun and purify their souls from luxuries. Buddhist history tells us that when Prince Siddhartha (Gautama Buddha) ascended the throne, he sat in the forest and made fasting the basis of his penance. Constantly starving along with the world.

Among the Greek scholars, Pythagoras, Socrates, and Plato also defined the concepts of good and evil, emphasizing chastity and piety. The followers also used to give up food and drink on certain days and leave their homes and go out to the forests and mountains for worship.
The emphasis of the ancient religions on eating less indicates that in order to attain perfection in spirituality, it is necessary to reduce the amount of food eaten. Very useful for Eating too much and sleeping too much suppresses one’s consciousness and reduces the possibility of spiritual progress. This is the basis of the Islamic philosophy of fasting.

Islam not only taught its followers to eat less, but also made fasting a part of the pillars of Islam. For a breath, it is further stated that the believer eats from one intestine Whereas the disbeliever with seven intestines (ie, with a full stomach) (agreed upon) the Holy Prophet himself never ate food on a full stomach during his life, nor did it ever happen to light a stove in his house twice a day, most of the time. Along with the Companions, he tied a stone on his stomach due to starvation. The Companions of Safa, who used to learn theology by staying in the service of the Holy Prophet, always practiced abstinence.

If he came to eat a little from somewhere, he would have eaten it, otherwise he would have been patient and grateful. It is a golden rule of Islam to give up food and starvation when you are hungry. It is a well-known fact that a king of Ajam sent a skilled physician to the service of the Holy Prophet. He stayed in Arabia for many years. Disappointed, he came to the Holy Prophet (saw) and complained that he had been sent to serve his companions. But no one paid any attention to me during this period, so I did not get any opportunity to serve. The doctor said that this is the reason for his health. He kissed her and went back.

Referring to the biography of Ard Sher Babakan, Sheikh Saadi (may Allah have mercy on him) writes that people asked an Arab sage how much food should be eaten during the day. He said, “Twenty-nine (29) is enough for the amount of towel. Someone said,” What strength will this small amount give? ” It will sustain you and you will have to carry more than that.

Modern medical science requires less energy to digest less food and more energy to digest more food. If the food is chicken and heavy then it needs more energy which is why people who eat chicken often complain of indigestion. The stomach is like a factory that converts food into proteins, salts and fats to meet the body’s needs and excrete wastes. Eating more food makes all the parts of the factory work harder which They spoil quickly, in which case the food, in an undigested state, produces impurities in the stomach, which can lead to life-threatening diseases.